Models of Social License to Operate and Case Studies
Compilation of Case Studies
Companies operating in the mining industry face issues concerning community acceptance and approval due to the prevalence of irresponsible mining practices that led to environmental degradation and displacement of host communities. More often, companies adopt corporate social responsibility initiatives to address the needs of stakeholders. However, it is not sufficient. As such, this paper proposes that companies need to secure Social License To Operate (SLTO) from the host community in order to build a harmonious relationship with different stakeholders. This paper presents five models on SLTO covering the (1) Levels of SLTO based on stakeholder’s acceptance; (2) Process framework in achieving SLTO; (3) Models of public support; (4) Collaborative initiatives between the company and community; and (5) Importance of co-planning and monitoring. Each SLTO model will be compared to actual experiences of mining companies from Indonesia, the Philippines and Peru.