Research Library

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Knowledge on CSR has been growing in the past decade. Available information on CSR expands beyond the definition, key characteristics, and the business case. CSR topics has evolved to include value chain management, environmental sustainability, product responsibility and consumer rights, partnership and collaboration, employee engagement, as well as community engagement. Below are some resources on CSR research:

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. (2006). Corporate Social Responsibility in the APEC Region: Current Status and Implications.
CSRWire, LLC. (December 2012). “Global Compact Communication on Progress.”
Filho, WL, Louche, C., Idowu, S. (May 2010). “Innovative Corporate Social Responsibility in the 21st Century” in Innovative CSR: from Risk Management to Value Creation.
Hohnen, P. (2007). Corporate Social Responsibility: An Implementation Guide for Business. Ed Jason Potts. (Canada, International Institute for Sustainable Development)
McKinsey& Company. (2009). “McKinsey Global Survey Results: Valuing Corporate Social Responsibility.”
Nelson, J. (2008). “CSR and Public Policy: New Forms of Engagement between Business and Government.” Working Paper of the Corporate Responsibility Initiative, Working Paper No. 45.
Phills, J., Deiglmeier, K., and Miller, D. (2008). “Social Innovations: Rediscovering Social Innovation.” In Stanford Social Innovation Review, Fall 2008.
Porter, M. and Kramer, M. (December 2002). “The Competitive Advantage of Corporate Philanthropy.” In Redefining Corporate Social Responsibility.
Porter, M. and Kramer, M. (December 2006). “Strategy and Society: The Link Between Competitive Advantage and Corporate Social Responsibility.”
Price Waterhouse Coopers. (February 2011). “Creating Value from Corporate Responsibility: Does reported data get the respect it deserves?”
Steurer, R. (November 2010). “The Role of Governments in Corporate Social Responsibility: Characterising Public Policies on CSR in Europe.” Discussion Paper 2-2010.
Visser, W. (2012). “Future Trends in CSR: The Next 10 Years.”
Visser, W. and Tolhurst, N. (June 2010). “The World Guide to CSR.”
WBCSD. (2012). “Biodiversity and ecosystem services scaling up business solutions.”
Zadek, S. (December 2004). “The Path to Corporate Responsibility.” In Redefining Corporate Social Responsibility.

Industry-based CSR research has also been developed to address the specific needs of each industry. This is particularly critical for companies operating in heavy footprint industries as well as those that greatly impact the lives of its stakeholders. Below are some resources on industry-based CSR research:

Extractive Industry
(Heavy Social and Environmental Footprint)

Canadian Business for Social Responsibility. (April 2009). “CSR Frameworks: Review for the Extractive Industry.”
APEC Human Resources Development Working Group-Capacity Building Network. (May 2011). “CSR in the APEC Mining Sector.”
Australian Government-Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. (n.d.) “Social Responsibility in the Mining and Metals Sector in Developing Countries.”
Australian Government-Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. (n.d.)”Leading Practice Sustainable Development Program Handbooks.”
Pharmaceutical Industry
(Product Responsibility and Consumer Rights)
Bale, H. (n.d.) “The Pharmaceutical Industry and Corporate Social Responsibility.”
Bluestone K., Heaton A., and Lewis C. (2002). “Beyond Philanthropy: the pharmaceutical industry, corporate social responsibility and the developing world.” Ed Bonita Glanville Morris.
Business Civic Leadership Center. (2013) “The Role of Business in Health and Wellness Innovation.”
Capaldi, N. (n.d.) “Corporate Social Responsibility and Business Ethics in the Pharmaceutical Industry.”
Fast Moving Consumer Goods
(Environmental Footprint)
Khan, S. (2010). “Corporate Social Performance of Indian FMCG Companies.” Issues in Social and Environmental Accounting, Vol. 03, No. 2 Dec 2009/Jan 2010
ECR Europe. (2009). “Responsible Sourcing-Creating an FMCG Manufacturer Approach.” Presentation during the CCIB in Barcelona.
Tourism Industry
(Environmental Footprint)
Dodds, R. and Joppe, M. (June 2005). “CSR in the Tourism Industry? The Status of and Potential for Certification, Codes of Conduct and Guidelines.” Report prepared for the CSR Practice Foreign Investment Advisory Service Investment Climate Department.
Apparel Industry
(Environmental Footprint and Labor Conditions)
Gupta, M. (2012). “Corporate Social Responsibility in the Global Apparel Industry: An Exploration of Indian Manufacturers’ Perceptions.”
FIAS and BSR. (January 2008). “Competitiveness and Corporate Social Responsibility in the Jordanian Apparel Industry.”

More and more companies and organizations are interested in adopting international standards , which could guide the implementation as well as formulation of their CSR activities. In addition, corporations are interested in measuring and evaluating impact of their CSR programs. Below are some resources on international standards as well as CSR metrics:

International CSR Standards

The list is based from the website of Industry Canada.

OECD Guidelines
Global Reporting Initiatives
ISO 26000
Voluntary Principles
UN Global Compact
Equator Principles
IFC Performance Standards
Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
UN Principles for Responsible Investment

Resources on CSR Metrics and Indices

The compiled list is based on the website of the Institute for Supply Chain Management and Herrera, M.E. (2009). “Some Approaches to Developing Useful CSR Metrics” in AIM Journal of Asian Management: Special Issue on Corporate Social Responsibility, Vol. 1, Issue 1. (Makati City, Philippines)

ASPI Eurozone
Business in the Community CR Index
Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes
ECPI Ethical Index
Ethisphere Institute
Global Reporting Initiative
International Financial Reporting Standards
The International Integrated Reporting Committee
Tata Index for Sustainable Human Development
FTSE KLD 400 Social Index